Submitted or on Rxiv

  • Dijkstra, N., van Gaal, S., Geerlings, L., Bosch, S. & van Gerven, M. From unconsciousness to imagination: no overlap between feedforward and long-range feedback initiated neural representations

  • Stein, T., Kaiser, D., Fahrenfort, J.J. & van Gaal. Processing of subjectively and objectively invisible stimuli in human visual cortex

  • Mongelli, V., Meijs, E. Hagoort, P. & van Gaal, S. The role of neural feedback and task set in syntactic unification.


  • Fahrenfort, J.J. & van Gaal, S. Criteria for empirical theories of consciousness should focus on the explanatory power of mechanisms, not on functional equivalence. Cognitive Neuroscience (2020).

  • Canales-Johnson, A. Beerendonk, L., Blain, S., Kitaoka, S., Ezquerro-Nassar, A., Nuiten, S.A., Fahrenfort, J.J. van Gaal, S.* & Bekinschtein, T.A.*. Decreased alertness reconfigures cognitive control networks. Journal of Neuroscience (2020) (*shared senior authors) [paper] [data and code]

  • Wiers, R.W., van Gaal, S. & Le Pelley, M.E. Akrasia and addiction: Neurophilosophy and psychological mechanisms. Social Neuroeconomics: Integrating the Neurosciences and the Social Sciences. (Eds: J. Harbecke and C. Herrmann-Pillath) [paper]

  • Arnts, H., Groenewegen, H. , Lavrijsen, J., van Gaal, S., van Erp, W. & van den Munckhof, P.. On the pathophysiology and treatment of akinetic mutism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews (2020). [paper]

  • Baas, M., Boot, N., van Gaal, S., De Dreu, C.W.K. & Cools, R. Methylphenidate does not affect convergent and divergent creative processes in healthy adults. Neuroimage, 205, (2020) [paper]


  • Mongelli, V., Meijs, E.L., van Gaal, S.* & Hagoort, P.* No language unification without neural feedback: How awareness affects sentence processing. (*shared senior authors). Neuroimage, 202, (2019). [paper] [data and code]

  • Meijs, E.L., Mostert, P. Slagter, H.A. de Lange, F.P. & van Gaal, S. Exploring the role of expectations and stimulus relevance on stimulus-specific neural representations and conscious report. Neuroscience of Consciousness  (2019). [paper] [data and code]

  • Alilović, J., Timmermans, B. Reteig, L.C. van Gaal, S., & Slagter, H.A. No evidence that predictions and attention modulate the first feedforward sweep of cortical information processing. Cerebral Cortex (2019). [paper]

  • Weaver, M.D. Fahrenfort, J.J., Belopolsky, A. van Gaal, S. Independent neural activity patterns for sensory- and confidence-based information maintenance during category-selective visual processing, eNeuro. (2019) 6(1) e0268-18.2018 1–13 [paper]

  • Michel, M et al., Opportunities and challenges for a maturing science of consciousness, Nature Human Behavior.  3, 104-107 (2019) [paper]


  • Fahrenfort, J.J., van Driel, J, van Gaal, S. & Olivers, C.N.L. From ERPs to MVPA Using the Amsterdam Decoding and Modeling Toolbox (ADAM). Frontiers in Neuroscience. 12: 368 (2018). [paper] [data and code]

  • Meijs, E., Klaassen, F., Bokeria, L., van Gaal, S., de Lange, F. Cue predictability does not modulate bottom-up attentional capture. Royal Society Open Science (2018) [paper] [data and code]

  • Correa, C.M.C., Noorman, S. , Jiang, J. Palminteri, S., Cohen, M.X, Lebreton M., van Gaal, S. How the level of reward awareness changes the computational and electrophysiological signatures of reinforcement learning. Journal of Neuroscience. 38 (48) 10338-10348 (2018) [paper] [data and code]

  • Meijs, E.L., Slagter, H. de Lange, F.P. & van Gaal, S. Dynamic interactions between top-down expectations and conscious awareness. Journal of Neuroscience 38 (9) 2318-2327 (2018) [paper] 

  • Jiang, J. Correa, C.M.C., Geerts, J. & van Gaal, S. The relationship between conflict awareness and behavioral and oscillatory signatures of immediate and delayed cognitive control, Neuroimage 177, 11-19 (2018). [paper]










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